Kwambiri Jiu-Jitsu

Zina mwazochita monyanyira zomwe anthu amachita zidzakuchititsani manyazi.Mmene zinthuzi zilili zamphamvu komanso luso lake zidzatidabwitsa tonsefe.Akonzi otsatirawa akupereka zithunzi zina kuti aliyense aziyang'ana.Zimakupangitsani kutsegula pakamwa panu. , choncho samalani kuti musamaone pamene mukudya.
Malire a thupi la munthu
Kwambiri Jiu-Jitsu
Pali zambiri pansipa
Kukongola kwa mayiko osiyanasiyana

Zina mwazochita monyanyira zomwe anthu amachita zidzakuchititsani manyazi.Mmene zinthuzi zilili zamphamvu komanso luso lake zidzatidabwitsa tonsefe.Akonzi otsatirawa akupereka zithunzi zina kuti aliyense aziyang'ana.Zimakupangitsani kutsegula pakamwa panu. , choncho samalani kuti musamaone pamene mukudya.

Malire a thupi la munthu

Kwambiri Jiu-Jitsu

Pali zambiri pansipa

Kwambiri Jiu-Jitsu

Kukongola kofewa kwambiri kwa mayiko onse

Kwambiri Jiu-Jitsu

Pali zambiri pansipa

Kwambiri Jiu-Jitsu

Pali zambiri pansipa

Kwambiri Jiu-Jitsu

Kwambiri Jiu-Jitsu

Pali zambiri pansipa

Aliyense adayang'ana pazithunzi zomwe zili pamwambazi, akudabwa, kodi mukupeza kuti zokongola zomwe zili pamwambazi ndi zachilendo kwambiri.Uwu ndi mtundu wa jiu-jitsu wokhala ndi malire a thupi la munthu.Mkonzi wotsatira adzawona chidziwitso cha Jiu-Jitsu ndi aliyense.Palinso malire a anthu padziko lapansi.Aliyense tcherani khutu.

Brazil Jiu-Jitsu

历史

Jiu-Jitsu waku Brazil adachokera ku Jiu-Jitsu waku Japan. Jiu-Jitsu ali ndi luso lambiri lomenyera nkhondo, kuphatikiza kumenya, kuponya, luso lolumikizana ndi luso lopumira. "Jujutsu" amatanthauza "lamulo la kufewa" ndipo limagwira ntchito ku machitidwe onse a karati a ku Japan "Jujutsu" amatanthauza kugwiritsa ntchito kusinthasintha.Makhalidwe a Jiu-Jitsu agona pakugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zokwanira, m'malo motsutsa komanso kufananiza otsutsa.Othandizira a Jiu-Jitsu adzasankha kugwiritsa ntchito njira zololeza adani awo kuti athe kugonja kapena kutaya mphamvu zawo, ndipo pamapeto pake amawagonjetsa.Komabe, kalelo, Jiu-Jitsu ankaonedwa ngati njira yachiwiri yomenyera nkhondo.Chifukwa masamurai ambiri amagwiritsa ntchito malupanga poyamba ndipo amawona lupanga ngati luso lankhondo lofunika kwambiri.Chifukwa chake, Japan Jiu-Jitsu apanga njira zosiyanasiyana zomenyera nkhondo, iliyonse yomwe ili ndi njira ndi njira zakale kwambiri.Pali zitsanzo ziwiri, judo, yomwe imayang'ana kwambiri kulimbana; pamene karate imayang'ana kwambiri kumenya ndi kumenya.

Panthawi ya Edo (1603-1867), kumapeto kwa Nkhondo Yapachiweniweni ku Japan, Jiu-Jitsu adadziwika.Pambuyo pa zaka mazana ambiri zankhondo, ankhondowo adziŵa bwino karati ndipo akulitsa luso lawo pankhondoyo.Gulu la ogwira ntchito lawonekera, ndipo Jiu-Jitsu wakhala chinthu chofunika tsiku ndi tsiku.Njira zambiri zayamba kugwiritsidwa ntchito pazochitika za tsiku ndi tsiku.Njira zodzitetezera zomwe zinkagwiritsidwa ntchito pankhondo tsopano zimagwiritsidwa ntchito m'nyumba zotchova njuga, misika, ndi nyumba za tiyi. M'zaka za m'ma 19, Jiu-Jitsu yakhala njira yodziwika bwino yolimbana ndi zida zopanda zida, yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito polimbana ndi adani omwe alibe zida kapena opanda zida. Kuyambira m’zaka za m’ma 19, ku Japan kwapezeka mitundu yoposa 700 ya Jiu-Jitsu.

Nkhondoyi idakhudza kwambiri chitukuko cha Jiu-Jitsu, kutembenuza luso lankhondo kukhala masewera a karati ndikubweretsa luso laukadaulo.Chifukwa cha kusowa kwa mwayi wogwira ntchito, magulu ambiri a Jiu-Jitsu asiya kugwira ntchito pang'onopang'ono.Popanda nkhondo, gulu lankhondo ndi masewera omenyera nkhondo sizikufunikanso, ndipo zomwe zatsala ndi luso lodzitetezera m'moyo watsiku ndi tsiku.Masukulu ambiri a Jiu-Jitsu ayamba kugwiritsa ntchito njira zophunzitsira zenizeni, pomwe masukulu ena a Jiu-Jitsu amangofunika.Meiji (1868-1912) nkhondo ya Jiu-Jitsu itatha ku Japan (XNUMX-XNUMX) inali itatsala pang'ono kutha.

Modern Brazil Jiu-Jitsu

Kupambana kwakukulu kwa njira yomenyera nkhondo ya Gracie ndikuti yapanga njira yomwe ili pafupi kwambiri ndi nkhondo yeniyeni, yomwe ili yomenyera nkhondo pansi.Gracies apeza zambiri, ndipo njira zawo zatsimikiziridwa mu ndewu zenizeni.Anapeza kuti ndewu zambiri zimathera pansi.Makamaka polimbana ndi otsutsa omwe ali ndi minofu yambiri kuposa inu komanso kulemera kwambiri kuposa inu, Gracie adapeza kuti ngati mukokera mdani wanu pansi, zida zake-kumenya ndi kukankha-zidzakhala zofooka kwambiri.Njira yapamwambayi yomenyera nkhondoyi inalola omenyana a Jiu-Jitsu ku Brazil kuti apambane m'mipikisano yambiri yopanda malire, zomwe zinapangitsa kuti nkhondo yawo ivomerezedwe ndi dziko.Gracies anayesa kupeza njira yothetsera masewera onse a karati: momwe angapangire imodzi

Dongosolo lomenyera nkhondo limagwira ntchito motsutsana ndi mdani aliyense, kulola ophunzitsa onse kupeza zotsatira zomwezo.

Chifukwa Jiu-Jitsu ndi ntchito yawo, Gracies amathera nthawi yochuluka akuphunzira ndi kuphunzitsa mibadwo kusintha njira.Anthu onse a Gracie ndi ofooka mu msinkhu komanso opanda mphamvu.Izi nthawi zambiri zimawonedwa ngati zopanda pake, koma zimamukakamiza Gracie kupanga teknoloji mopitirira malire ndikudzipangitsa kudalira luso lamakono m'malo mwa mphamvu kuti apambane.

Popeza Gracie Jiu-Jitsu anapangidwa ndi Gracies, achibale ali ndi ufulu wambiri.Sayenera kufunsa alangizi kapena agogo awo kuti awathandize.Ngati njira ilibe ntchito pankhondo yeniyeni, idzasinthidwa kapena kusiyidwa.Kuchita kuli pachimake cha Gracie Jiu-Jitsu.Njira iliyonse yatsimikiziridwa munkhondo yeniyeni.

Lingaliro lililonse lazakhalidwe, chikhalidwe, kapena malingaliro silingakhudze momwe Gracie akufufuza.Amakhulupirira kuti "kuchita bwino ndiye njira yokhayo yoyesera masewera ankhondo" pankhondo zenizeni.

Pambuyo pa kumenyana kwa moyo wonse, Elio Gracie amaphunzitsabe Jiu-Jitsu ku Brazil.Ngakhale kuti ali ndi zaka pafupifupi 90, amaonabe kuti kufalitsa Jiu-Jitsu ndi njira yake ya moyo.

Mawonekedwe amtundu waku Brazil Jiu-Jitsu alibe chizolowezi choyimirira, ndipo palibe chizolowezi chochita masewera olimbitsa thupi a duel.Imatchera khutu ku mphamvu, koma sichigogomezera mopambanitsa mphamvu yankhanza yophulika.Nthawi zonse mukamagwiritsa ntchito mphamvu, pamakhala malo omveka bwino amphamvu, fulcrum, ndi cholinga.Kulamulira kumakhala kwamphamvu kwambiri ndipo ofooka amapambana amphamvu.

Jiu-Jitsu waku Brazil poyamba anali katswiri wankhondo wopotoza

Njira zake ndi njira zake zimachokera ku kafukufuku wozama pa nkhondo yapansi.Madokotala a Jiu-Jitsu ndiabwino kukokera pansi otsutsa, ndiyeno pansi, amawongolera kaimidwe.Makhalidwe owongolera akapangidwa, akatswiri a Jiu-Jitsu amatha kugwiritsa ntchito njira zosiyanasiyana zowukira monga luso lolumikizana, luso lopotoka kapena njira zogonjetsera kuti agonjetse adani awo.Njira ya Jiu-Jitsu ya ku Brazil ikugogomezera mfundo yogwiritsira ntchito bwino mphamvu zogwiritsira ntchito mphamvu.Kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu kumapangitsa osewera ang'onoang'ono, opepuka, ndi ofooka kuti adziteteze kwa osewera akuluakulu, olemetsa, ndi amphamvu.Jiu-Jitsu wa ku Brazil wasintha kwambiri masewera a karati ndipo wakhala imodzi mwa masewera otchuka kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi.Omwe akufuna kupeza luso lodzitchinjiriza lodzitchinjiriza atha kupeza yankho lothandiza komanso losavuta ku Brazil Jiu-Jitsu.

Jiu-Jitsu waku Brazil ali ndi maluso ambiri omenyera nkhondo

Kuphatikizirapo kumenya, kuponya, luso lophatikizana komanso luso lakupha.Jiu-Jitsu m'lingaliro lachikale kwambiri amatanthauza "lamulo la kufewa", lomwe limagwira ntchito ku machitidwe onse a masewera a ku Japan, ndipo "kufewa" kumatanthauza kugwiritsa ntchito kusinthasintha.Makhalidwe a Jiu-Jitsu agona pakugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zokwanira, m'malo motsutsa komanso kufananiza otsutsa.Othandizira a Jiu-Jitsu adzasankha kugwiritsa ntchito njira zololeza adani awo kuti athe kugonja kapena kutaya mphamvu zawo, ndipo pamapeto pake adzawagonjetsa.Komabe, kalelo, Jiu-Jitsu ankaonedwa ngati njira yachiwiri yomenyera nkhondo.Chifukwa masamurai ambiri amagwiritsa ntchito malupanga poyamba ndipo amawona lupanga ngati luso lankhondo lofunika kwambiri.Chifukwa chake, Japan Jiu-Jitsu apanga njira zosiyanasiyana zomenyera nkhondo, iliyonse yomwe ili ndi njira ndi njira zakale kwambiri.

Njira ndi njira za Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu zimachokera ku kafukufuku wozama pa nkhondo yapansi

Kuyang'ana akatswiri a Jiu-Jitsu amakokera adani awo pansi ndi machitidwe awo osiyanasiyana, ndiyeno pansi, amawongolera.Kenako gwiritsani ntchito njira zosiyanasiyana zowukira monga kutanthauzira, kupindika kapena kumenya kuti mugonjetse mdani.Mu njira yokhotakhota yosakhazikika yotere, thupi limapanga mgwirizano pakati pa mfundo ndi nkhope, mphamvu ndi kukongola, koma mitsempha yothamanga imakhala yobisika kwambiri komanso yofewa.Mu 1993, pa mpikisano woyamba Ultimate Fighting (UFC), Hawes Gracie anapambana Championship, ndipo Brazil Jiu-Jitsu anayamba kukopa chidwi cha dziko.Mpikisano womaliza wankhondo umalola akatswiri ankhondo amagulu osiyanasiyana kupikisana ndi malamulo opanda malire.Ngakhale kuti Hawes Gracie ali ndi kulemera kopepuka kwambiri, wapambananso Ultimate Fighting Championship katatu, ndipo ndi wosewera yekhayo m'mbiri ya Ultimate Fighting Championship kupambana masewera anayi otsatizana usiku umodzi.

Kuyambira tsiku lomwe njira yopotoka yapaderayi idatchedwa "Gracie Jiu-Jitsu" kapena "Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu", imakhala ndi zikhalidwe zenizeni zophatikiza kuuma ndi kufewa.Ambiri mwa akatswiri ndi anthu.Koma osewera ang'onoang'ono, opepuka, ndi ofooka ali ndi ubwino wambiri pankhaniyi.Amati izi zikhoza kudziteteza kwa anyamata akuluakulu, akuluakulu, ndi amphamvu.Ambiri mwa mafani omwe ali odziwa bwino masewera osakanikirana a karati amabweranso kudzachita Jiu-Jitsu, zomwe ndizokwanira kutsimikizira kuti Jiu-Jitsu waku Brazilyu amaphatikiza mphamvu ndi kufewa. Pangani kuthekera kwake komanso kuchita bwino mkati ndi kunja kwabwalo.

Zofunikira zaukadaulo

Kuti mumvetsetse mphamvu ya Jiu-Jitsu ya ku Brazil podzitchinjiriza, ndikofunikira kufotokozera mfundo zazikuluzikulu ndi njira zankhondo iyi.

Mdani wanu angakhale wamtali ndi wamphamvu kuposa inu

Katswiri wina wotchuka wachigiriki wafilosofi, dzina lake Archimedes, ananenapo motchuka kuti: “Ndipatseni fulcrum, ndikhoza kunyamula dziko lonse lapansi ndi dzanja limodzi.

Jiu-Jitsu imachokera pamalingaliro akuti mdani wanu ndi wamtali komanso wamphamvu kuposa inu.Munthu amene ali wofooka kuposa iwe, wamtali kuposa iwe, sadzakuputa pansewu.Ngakhale atagwira ntchito ndi inu, adzakhala pachimake pa kukula ndi mphamvu.Choncho, ngati mkangano ukuchitika pamsewu, otsutsa ambiri akhoza kuganiziridwa kuti ndi amphamvu komanso amtali kuposa inu.Ndinu wofooka, kotero si nzeru kuyerekeza mphamvu ndi mdani wanu.

Otsutsa omwe amakonda kugwiritsa ntchito nkhanza amawukiridwa mosavuta ndi omenyana aluso.Ngakhale mphamvu ndi mphamvu ndizofunikira kwambiri, aliyense ayenera choyamba kukhala ndi luso laukadaulo.Munthu waluso amakhala ndi mphamvu zochepa poyerekezera ndi munthu wogwiritsa ntchito mwankhanza.Kugwiritsa ntchito mfundo yopezera mwayi pamalo oyenera komanso panthawi yoyenera kumatha kukwaniritsa cholinga chomwe mukufuna popanda kuyesetsa pang'ono.Mfundo yopezerapo mwayi idzakupulumutsirani khama lalikulu.Madokotala a Jiu-Jitsu amatha kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu za thupi lonse kuti apange mphamvu kuti awononge kwambiri mbali yofooka ya mdaniyo.

Pakatikati pa Jiu-Jitsu pamakhala kugwiritsa ntchito njira zogwira mtima pothana ndi nkhanza komanso nkhanza.Filosofi ya Jiu-Jitsu imalimbikitsa kuyembekezera kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zowonjezereka kuti zitheke.Othandizira a Jiu-Jitsu amakonda "kusungunula" mphamvu, kusintha njira ya mphamvu yotsutsa ya mdaniyo, ndikuchitapo kanthu kwa wotsutsa.Kumbukirani: Pokhapokha ngati mutakhala munthu wamphamvu kwambiri padziko lapansi, payenera kukhala mdani wamphamvu, wolemera, komanso wamkulu padziko lapansi.

Musayese kulimbana ndi adani anu aatali komanso amphamvu

Ngati mukuganiza kuti mungathe kulimbana ndi adani anu aatali ndi amphamvu, mukulakwitsa.M’mipikisano yonse ya nkhonya osewerawa amasankhidwa malinga ndi kulemera kwawo.

Pamsewu, palibe malire olemera, ndipo nthawi zambiri amuna akuluakulu amapezerera ang'onoang'ono.Kodi nkhonya imagwira ntchito kwa otsutsa omwe amalemera kuwirikiza kawiri kuposa inu?

Pofuna kupewa mikangano yamtunduwu, njira yabwino ndikufupikitsa mtunda pakati pa inu ndi mdani wanu ndikumuwongolera bwino.Mukamukokera pansi, luso lanu la Jiu-Jitsu lingathe kudziteteza.Jiu-Jitsu ndi luso lodzitchinjiriza lomwe limakupatsani mwayi wodziwa njira zomenyera pansi.

Ndewu zambiri za m’misewu zimatha pambuyo pokoledwa ndi kugwa pansi

Ziwerengero zikusonyeza kuti ndewu zambiri za m’misewu zinkatha zitagwa pansi pambuyo pokoledwa, zina zinkachitika mwadala, ndipo zina zinkachitika mwangozi.Gulu lomenyana likhoza kugwetsa pansi dala mdani wake, kapena gulu lina likhoza kutaya mphamvu ndi kugwa pansi.Nthawi zambiri zimachitika kuti munthu wamkulu wamphamvu amagwetsa munthu wamng’ono n’kumukwera chagada n’kumumenya mwamphamvu.Ngakhale m’mipikisano yolimbana ndi akatswiri, osewera akakhala pamavuto kapena akafuna kupuma, amagwiritsa ntchito njira yotsamira kapena kugwira adani awo.Ndikosowa kwambiri kugwetsedwa pachiyambi.Pamasewera a nkhonya, kukumbatirana kumakhala konyansa, kukangana kukachitika, woweruza amalekanitsa mbali ziwirizo nthawi yomweyo.Osewera nkhonya nawonso saloledwa kugwetsa adani awo ndikupitiriza kumenyana pansi.Choncho, omenyana sadzaphunzitsidwa kuthana ndi osewera omwe ali odziwa "kukumbatira" komanso omwe samenyana naye.

Kufupikitsa mtunda ndi wotsutsa

Kwa osewera a Jiu-Jitsu, chopinga chowopsa kwambiri ndikulephera kufupikitsa mtunda kwa wotsutsa.Pamtunda uwu, wowukirayo amatha kupanga nkhonya zamphamvu.Cholinga cha wosewera wa Jiu-Jitsu ndikufupikitsa mtunda wopita kwa mdani wake popanda kugwetsedwa ndi iye.Sizomveka kuganiza kuti munthu akhoza kutsekereza kapena kupewa kumenya kwa adani onse.Choncho cholinga choyamba cha katswiri wa Jiu-Jitsu ndicho kuyandikira pafupi ndi mdaniyo osati kugwetsedwa.Mwa kufupikitsa mtunda, Jiu-Jitsu Wothandizira "adzagwira" wotsutsa.Yendani mwachangu ndikulowa mtunda womwe wotsutsa sangathe kutulutsa nkhonya yamphamvu ndikukuwonongani kwambiri.

Othandizira a Jiu-Jitsu ali ndi njira zosiyanasiyana zoyandikira otsutsa awo.Chofala kwambiri ndi kuzunza mdaniyo ndi nkhonya ndi mapazi poyamba.Kuwukira kwa nkhonya ndi mapazi kumapangitsa wotsutsayo kuyandikira kukumbatira kapena kubwerera mmbuyo, zomwe ndizomwe akatswiri a Jiu-Jitsu amafunikira.Othandizira a Jiu-Jitsu safunikira kukhala akatswiri omenyera nkhondo, koma akuyenera kukhala odziwa njira zingapo za nkhonya ndi kumenya, komanso kukhala aluso pakuyenda pang'onopang'ono ndikuzembera mutu.Njira zimenezi zimatha kudziteteza pamene mukumenyana moyimilira.Kuonjezera apo, muyenera kudziwa bwino kusintha kuchoka pa kuyima kupita ku kugwa.

Physics imasonyeza kuti mphamvu ya kumenya imadalira mtunda ndi mbali ya kukhudzana ndi chandamale.Pochotsa zinthu ziwiri zakuphazi, akatswiri a Jiu-Jitsu amafooketsa kwambiri otsutsawo.Chifukwa osewera ambiri omenya amakumana ndi adani omwenso akumenya, sadziwa momwe angathanirane ndi osewera omwe ali ndi luso lozembera komanso kulimbana.Chifukwa chakusowa kwa maphunziro mderali, ndizosavuta kuti wrestler akakamize nkhonya kuti achite nawo mpikisano wolimbana.Katswiri wa Jiu-Jitsu akakonza mdaniyo, chotsatira ndikuwononga nthawi ndikupanga mipata yogwetsa mdaniyo pansi.Pokhapokha ngati wotsutsayo walandira maphunziro oteteza kugwa kapena wonenepa kwambiri, ndikosavuta kugwetsa mdani wanu pansi kuposa momwe angaganizire.

Kukhala ndi kaimidwe kolamulira

Kamodzi pankhondo yapansi, zida zazikulu za nkhonya-nkhonya ndi miyendo zimafooka bwino.Pansi, mawonekedwe ena ndiabwino kwambiri kuposa ena chifukwa amatha kupereka mwayi wodzitchinjiriza komanso wokhumudwitsa.Pansi, omenyera nkhondo amatha kulowa m'malo osiyanasiyana komanso mawonekedwe.Njira ya akatswiri a Jiu-Jitsu ndikukhala opindulitsa kwambiri kuposa omwe amawatsutsa.Malo olamulidwa ndi kaimidwe kakakhazikitsidwa, akatswiri a Jiu-Jitsu amatha kukhala ndi njira zingapo zokhumudwitsa: kumenya mdani, kugwiritsa ntchito luso lolumikizana ndi luso lopotokola.Njira ya Jiu-Jitsu ingagwiritsidwe ntchito kuti mdani adzipereke popanda kuvulaza.Popeza wosewerayo sadziwa luso lomenyera nkhondo pansi, katswiri wa Jiu-Jitsu amatha kumuwongolera pansi mosavuta.Pali mitundu yambiri yamasewera opotoka padziko lonse lapansi, koma palibe ngati Brazil Jiu-Jitsu yomwe imagogomezera kuwongolera kwa kaimidwe pansi kwambiri.

Ukadaulo wapadera

Ogwiritsa ntchito a Jiu-Jitsu a ku Brazil nthawi zambiri amachita: njira zoponya, njira zapamwamba zopondereza, njira zowongolera msana, njira zoperekera kutengera malo osiyanasiyana opindulitsa, ndi njira zopulumukira mukakhala m'malo osowa.

Alonda osiyanasiyana omwe ali pansi ndi gawo lalikulu kwambiri la Jiu-Jitsu la ku Brazil lomwe limasiyanitsa ndi masewera ena omenyera nkhondo monga judo, sangbo, ndi wrestling. Thupi likadzagwa pansi, ndipo tsatirani njira zosiyanasiyana zolimbana nazo.Chitetezo ku Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu chimagawidwa m'magulu atatu: chitetezo chotseguka, chitetezo chotsekedwa, ndi kaimidwe kodzitchinjiriza.Mogwirizana ndi kaimidwe chitetezo ndi Guard akudutsa, ndiko kuti, kuchotsa ulamuliro wa otsutsa m'munsi chitetezo kaimidwe kuti apeze malo apamwamba-ali ngati mbali ziwiri za ndalama, kupanga zonyansa ndi chitetezo dongosolo kutembenuka luso mu Brazil Jiu- Jitsu.

Udindo

16. Malamba akuluakulu azaka 9 ndi kupitirira apo amawaika m'magulu oyera, abuluu, ofiirira, abulauni, akuda, ndi ofiira kuchokera pansi mpaka pamwamba.Lamba woyera ndi dokotala wamba; lamba wabuluu ndi chitsimikizo choyamba akafika pamlingo wina kudzera mu maphunziro; lamba wakuda akuwonetsa kuti amadziwa bwino luso la Jiu-Jitsu la ku Brazil, ali ndi ziyeneretso za kuphunzitsa, ndipo amatha kutsogolera ena molondola. kuphunzira.Lamba wakuda amagawidwa m'magulu a XNUMX. Kuyambira pa XNUMX dan, barolo wofiira akuwonjezeredwa ku lamba, dan XNUMX akuwonjezera awiri, ndipo dan XNUMX akuwonjezera atatu; lamba wofiira amaposa XNUMX dan.

15. Ana azaka zapakati pa XNUMX ndi pansi amaikidwa m'magulu oyera, achikasu, alalanje, ndi obiriwira kuyambira otsika mpaka apamwamba.

16. Ochepera zaka 19 sangapeze lamba wabuluu, zaka zochepa zokwezedwa kukhala lamba wakuda ndi zaka XNUMX.

XNUMX. Malamba wakuda okha ndi omwe ali oyenera kupereka lamba wa buluu, wofiirira, ndi wabulauni. Malamba akuda ndi apamwamba ayenera kupezedwa kuchokera kumagulu apamwamba, monga lachiwiri lakuda, ndipo woperekayo ayenera kukhala ndi lamba wakuda osachepera magawo atatu.

XNUMX. Miyezo ya malamba si yofanana. Kunena zoona, zimatenga zaka khumi kuti munthu apeze lamba wakuda waku Brazil wa Jiu-Jitsu.

Leucorrhea: oyambitsa.

Blue Ribbon: oyamba kumene.

Purple Belt: Iwo omwe adadziwa kale njira zonse.

Lamba wabulauni: wakhama.

Black Belt: Munthu amene angaphunzitse Jiu-Jitsu waku Brazil.

Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu imafuna kuphunzira zambiri za njira zosiyanasiyana, kumvetsetsa ndi kugwiritsa ntchito mfundo zaukadaulo; zofunikira pakuchita masewera olimbitsa thupi zimatha kugonjetsa osewera onse okhala ndi lamba wamtundu womwewo; zotsatira za kutenga nawo gawo mu Jiu-Jitsu kapena Mpikisano wa MMA, ndi zina zotero, kotero lamba wakuda wa Jiu-Jitsu wa ku Brazil Poyerekeza ndi masewera ena omenyana, golide ndipamwamba kwambiri, ndipo ndizovuta kupeza.

Chitukuko chapakhomo

Ndi chitukuko cha Brazil Jiu-Jitsu padziko lapansi ndi chikoka cha MMA, okonda kwambiri ndi akatswiri ochita masewera olimbitsa thupi m'dziko lathu ayamba kuphunzira, ndipo mabungwe ambiri ophunzitsa akhazikitsidwa.Mwachitsanzo: Shanghai Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Academy (SH BJJ), Shanghai Alavanca Jiu-jitsu Academy (Shanghai), Tianjin K-1 CLUB, Beijing Andi Jiu-Jitsu Museum, Beijing Boxing World Fighting Club (China Top Team), Xi' ndi Black Belt MMA Academy (Xi \ 'an Black Belt MMA Academy) ndi zina zotero.

Malire 12 a thupi la munthu

1. Kodi liwiro la munthu lili ndi malire otani?

Mnyamata wa ku Jamaican Flyer Bolt anathyola mbiri yapadziko lonse pa mpikisano wa golide wa mamita 2009 pa World Championships mu 0.11 ku Berlin ndipo anawonjezera mbiri yake yapadziko lonse ndi masekondi XNUMX.Kodi liwiro la munthu lili ndi malire otani?Mark Denny wa pa yunivesite ya Stanford ku United States anachita chidwi kwambiri ndi funso limeneli, ndipo anaganiza zofufuza mozama mmene anthu angapitire mofulumira mamita XNUMX.

Pofufuza mbiri ya dziko lonse la mpikisano wothamanga (ngakhale mpikisano wamahatchi ndi mipikisano ina) kuyambira 1920, adapeza kuti zotsatira za mipikisano yambiri zimatsatira ndondomeko yofanana, ndiko kuti, zotsatira zake zimasintha pang'onopang'ono mpaka zitakhazikika.Mwachitsanzo, pabwalo la Kentucky Derby, n’kovuta kwa akavalo ambiri amene akutenga nawo mbali kuti adutse atafika malire a liwiro lawo mu 1949.Anthu othamanga amaoneka kuti amatsatira chitsanzo chimenechi.Masewero a amayi a 1977m adakhazikika mu XNUMX, ndipo kuthamanga kwa amuna kudali bwino, koma Danny adanena kuti potengera zitsanzo zomwe zinakhazikitsidwa muzochitika zina, ntchitoyi ikuwoneka kuti ikufika pamapeto.

Malinga ndi ulosi wake, malire a amuna a 9.48 mamita ndi masekondi 0.1, omwe ndi masekondi XNUMX okha kuposa momwe Bolt alili panopa.Danny anati: “Mukapitirizabe kuchita zimenezi, Bolt posachedwapa atsala pang’ono kufika pamlingo umenewu.” Kodi n’chiyani chikuchititsa kuti munthu asamayende bwino?Danny amakhulupirira kuti chifukwa chake ndi chofanana ndi mphamvu ya wothamanga ndi kulemera kwake.Kupitilira pa mfundo ina, ubwino wa minofu yamphamvu ndi miyendo yayitali idzathetsedwa ndi kuchuluka kwa ndalama zogwiritsira ntchito mphamvu ponyamula zolemera.

2. Kodi chidwi cha anthu chingakhale kwautali wotani?

Kukhazikika ndizovuta zomwe ambiri aife timakumana nazo tikamaliza mapepala athu nthawi isanakwane, kugwira ntchito mpaka usiku, ndikuyendetsa mtunda wautali.Kodi timakhala nthawi yayitali bwanji ubongo usanapume?Kwa amene afunikira kuika maganizo ake onse pa ntchito inayake, monga oyendetsa galimoto, oyendetsa magetsi, ndi oyendetsa ndege, maola 12 ndi malire.Komabe, kwa madokotala, opaleshoni yovuta nthawi zina imadutsa maola 12, ngakhale kuti ntchito yayitali kwambiri nthawi zambiri imagawidwa ndi magulu angapo.

Chaka cha 2004 chisanafike, madokotala a ku Britain Loweruka ndi Lamlungu ankagwira ntchito kuyambira Lachisanu m’mawa mpaka Lamlungu madzulo, maola 80 okwana.Amatha kugona kwa maola ochepa kwambiri, ndipo zikafika poipa, sanatseke ngakhale maola 80.Malinga ndi kunena kwa Helen Fernandez, dokotala wa opaleshoni ya mitsempha pachipatala cha Ayden Brooks ku Cambridge, England, “Mwina mumagwira ntchito nthaŵi zambiri.”

M’kupita kwa nthaŵi, chidwi chathu chidzachepanso.Zotsatira zake, mphamvu ya ntchito imakhala yochepa, nthawi yopangira zisankho imakhala yayitali, ndipo zolakwika zimayamba kuwonjezeka.David Dinges, katswiri wa sayansi ya ubongo wa pa yunivesite ya Pennsylvania ku United States, anati: “Kukhala maso ndi chimodzi mwa zinthu zimene anthu ambiri amatopa nazo.” Gulu lofufuza la Dinges linagwiritsa ntchito luso la MRI pofufuza za ubongo wa munthu wogwira ntchitoyo.Anthu akamayamba ulesi, ntchito za mbali zina za ubongo zimachepa.Dinges adapeza kuti potengera kuthamanga kwa magazi a fupa lakumanja lakumanja la otenga nawo mbali, amatha kuneneratu momwe amayezetsa.

3. Kodi munthu angakhale kwa nthawi yaitali bwanji m’malo opanda kanthu?

Tsoka ilo, tikudziwa kuti munthu angakhale ndi moyo kwautali wotani atakumana ndi vacuum mwadzidzidzi. Mu 1971, ndege ya m’mlengalenga ya Soviet Union 11 itangotsala pang’ono kubwerera m’mlengalenga wa dziko lapansi, valavu yosagwira ntchitoyo mwadzidzidzi inatsindikitsa chombocho pamtunda wa makilomita 168, kupha openda zakuthambo atatu onse amene anali m’menemo.Kafukufuku wotsatira adapeza kuti kukakamiza kwa ndege ya Soyuz 3 kudatsika mwadzidzidzi mpaka ziro, komwe kudatenga mphindi 11 ndi masekondi 11 mpaka idabwerera mumlengalenga.

Woyenda mumlengalenga adamwalira patatha masekondi 30 mpaka 40 chifukwa chosowa mpweya.Jonathan Clark, yemwe kale anali membala wa gulu la NASA la chombo cha m’mlengalenga, anati: “Mumafunika mpweya ndi mpweya kuti mutumize okosijeni ku ubongo.” Komabe, ngati mwakhala m’malo opanda mpweya kwa nthawi yochepa, mukhoza kupulumutsidwa. . Mu 1966, katswiri wa NASA anali kuyesa suti ya m’mlengalenga m’chipinda chopanda mpweya.” Panthaŵiyi, kupanikizika m’chipindacho kunatsika mwadzidzidzi kufika pamlingo umene tinangokumana nawo pamtunda wa mamita 3.65.Amasiya kuzindikira mkati mwa masekondi 12 mpaka 15.

Chomaliza chimene angakumbukire n’chakuti malovu a lilime lake anaphwera chifukwa madzi amaphwera chifukwa cha kupanikizika kochepa. Pa masekondi 27, kuthamanga kwa chipinda chochotseramo mpweya kunabwereranso pamtunda wofanana ndi mamita 4200 pamwamba pa mlengalenga, ndipo katswiriyo anali ndi mwayi wotsitsimuka.Ngakhale kuti nkhope yake inali yotuwa, thanzi lake silinavutikepo.

Kuthamanga kwa kunja kukatsika, mpweya wa mpweya umapangidwa m'magazi, ndipo mapapu adzawonongeka mkati mwa mphindi zochepa.Pamene nayitrogeni amasungunuka m’mwazi, dongosolo lamanjenje likhoza kuonongeka mkati mwa maola ochepa.Kutsika kwadzidzidzi kwamphamvu kumapha thupi la munthu: mpweya wolowa m'mapapo udzaphulika mkati mwa masekondi angapo.Komabe, malinga ndi Clarke, ngati tilowa m'malo osowa mpweya m'njira yoyenera ndikukhala ndi gulu lowongolera lachipatala lotizungulira, titha kukhala ndi moyo kwa mphindi imodzi.

4. Kodi anthu angakumbukire zinthu zingati?

Ndizovuta kwa ambiri aife kuloweza manambala a foni okhala ndi manambala 11, koma katswiri wazokumbukira padziko lonse lapansi, Lu Chao waku China, adatha kubwereza manambala 2005 a Pi mu 67890.Kodi uku kutsika kwenikweni m'nyanja poyerekeza ndi mphamvu yeniyeni ya ubongo?

Luso lathu lolandira chidziŵitso ndi lamphamvu ndithu. Thomas Randall, amene ankagwira ntchito ku Bell Communications Research ku Morriston, New Jersey mu 1986, anaphunzira kuchuluka kwa zinthu zooneka ndi zolankhula zimene anthu angasunge akamayang’ana zithunzi ndi zambiri komanso kuiwala msanga.Atafufuza, adayerekeza kuti munthu wamkulu akhoza kusunga pafupifupi 125M za chidziwitsochi m'moyo wake, zomwe ndi zofanana ndi makope 100 a Moby-Dick.

N’kovuta kuloweza manambala aatali motsatira ndondomeko yoyenera komanso molondola kusiyana ndi kuloweza pamtima mameseji kapena zithunzi.Kuti mufufuze malire a kutalika kwa kukumbukira, zingakhale zothandiza kulingalira njira zomwe akatswiri okumbukira amagwiritsira ntchito.Ambiri a iwo amagwiritsa ntchito kukumbukira.Asanayambe kuloweza manambalawa, amaphatikiza manambala anayi aliwonse kuyambira 0000 mpaka 9999 ndi anthu kapena zinthu.Zotsatira zake, chiwerengero cha Pi chimasinthidwa kukhala mndandanda wa anthu kapena zinthu izi, ndipo anthu kapena zinthu izi zimagwirizanitsidwa mwa kupanga nkhani.Izi zitha kupangitsanso chisangalalo cha manambala osokonekera ndikuphatikiza kukumbukira.Lu Chao amakumbukira kuti zidatenga pafupifupi maola 40000 kwa pi 1000-digit.Ngakhale kukumbukira kukhale kwabwino bwanji, kuganiza kuti malinga ndi chiŵerengerochi, munthu amayamba pi ali ndi zaka 20 ndipo amathera maola 12 patsiku, ndiyeno podzafika zaka 70, amatha kunena mawu pafupifupi 876 miliyoni.

5. Momwe kutentha kumatsikira anthu kulekerera

Pazifukwa zina, anthu amadana ndi kuzizira: Ziwalo zathu zazitali ndizosavuta kutulutsa kutentha komanso sizosavuta kusunga kutentha.M'malo otentha a ku Africa komwe anthu adachita kusanduka, miyendo yayitali ndi yofunika kwambiri.Mike Tipton wa pa yunivesite ya Portsmouth, yemwe amaphunzira za malamulo okhudza kutentha kwa thupi la munthu, ananena kuti ngakhale popanda njira zotetezera kuzizira—zovala, zotenthetsera, ndi nyumba, tonsefe tingakhalebe ndi moyo.

Kupulumuka kuzizira ndikuteteza kutentha kwapakati pathupi.Kutentha kwapakati pa thupi la munthu ndi madigiri 37 Celsius, koma mlingo womwe umatsikira ndi wodabwitsa.Fran Osharman, katswiri wa zamankhwala pa yunivesite ya Ottawa ku Canada, ananena kuti ngati kuli chinyezi komanso mphepo, kutentha kwapakati pa 20 digiri Celsius kungayambitse hypothermia.Kukazizira, thupi limayamba kunjenjemera, ndipo magazi amasiya kupita ku miyendo.Hypothermia imachitika malinga ngati kutentha kwapakati kwa thupi kumatsika ndi madigiri a 2: choyamba anthu amayamba kutaya chidziwitso, ndiyeno kugunda kwa mtima kumatayika.Kugunda kwa mtima kudzayima pafupifupi madigiri 24 ndipo anthu adzafa.Koma wina akhoza kupulumuka kutentha kwakukulu kwa thupi.Anna Bagenholm ndi munthu woteroyo.” Kutentha kwa thupi lake kunatsika kufika pa 13.7 digiri Celsius ndipo anali adakali ndi moyo.

Madzi oundana oyenda ankachititsa kuti thupi lake lizizizira motere: kupuma kunasiya, kugunda kwa mtima kunasiya, ndipo kwenikweni ubongo sunafunikire mpweya, zimene zinam’patsa mpata kuti achire.

6. Kodi mungakhale nthawi yayitali bwanji osadya kapena kumwa?

Kodi anthu angakhale ndi moyo mpaka liti popanda madzi ndi chakudya?Mwachidziwitso, ngati mutatha kutaya mafuta, mapuloteni, ndi chakudya cham'thupi, thupi lanu lidzasiya kugwira ntchito chifukwa cha kuchepa kwa mphamvu. Jeremy Powell Teck, mlangizi wa za kadyedwe kamene anayambiranso kudya David Bryan atanyanyala kudya ku London mu 2003, akukhulupirira kuti imfa ya munthu sifunika kudikirira kuti mphamvu itheretu: “Mwina munamwalirapo kale.” Ngati pali chinachake mu Ngati pali mavitamini a B okwanira osungunuka m'madzi kuti athandizire kusunga mafuta a metabolism, anthu onenepa amakhala ndi moyo wautali.Choncho, n’zotheka ndithu kuti anthu akadali ndi mafuta m’thupi akamwalira ndi njala.

Mbiri yayitali kwambiri yosadya inali yanjala ya ku Ireland mu 1981, Kieran Dougherty, yemwe adamwalira patatha masiku 73 akunyanyala njala.Pankhani ya mavitamini ndi madzi owonjezera, anthu amatha kukhala chaka chimodzi popanda chakudya.Powell Tyke adati: "Pafupifupi zaka 30 zapitazo iyi inali njira yotchuka kwambiri yochepetsera thupi."

Ndi mavitamini okha komanso opanda madzi, nthawi yopulumuka idzafupikitsidwa kwambiri.Munthu akhoza kukhala ndi moyo kwa milungu ingapo popanda chakudya, koma munthu waludzu komanso wopanda madzi m’thupi akhoza kukhala kwa masiku angapo.Michael Savaka wa ku US Army Institute of Environmental Medicine ku Massachusetts anati: “Zimadalira kuchuluka kwa madzi otayika.” Popanda madzi, kuchuluka kwa magazi m’thupi kumachepa ndipo kuthamanga kwa magazi nakonso kumachepa.Magazi amakhala ochulukirachulukira, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti magazi aziyenda movutikira m'thupi, ndipo kugunda kwamtima kwa anthu kumawonjezeka kuti kulipirire.Ngakhale m'malo ozizira, opanda madzi, anthu amatha kugwira kwa sabata imodzi yokha.

7. Kodi anthu angakhale nthawi yaitali bwanji osagona?

1963年12月28日,加利福尼亚州圣地亚哥的17岁在校生兰迪·加德纳早上6点起床,他感觉精神饱满,这样一直持续到1964年1月8日他才再次进入梦乡,也就是说他有11天没睡觉。加德纳打破之前创下的260小时不眠记录后,他创下的264小时记录至今仍是科学验证过的最长的不睡觉时长。加利福尼亚州斯坦福大学医学院的研究人员威廉·德门特在1965年的一篇论文中讲述了这个故事,他在加德纳保持不睡的最后三天一直陪着他。

Gardner wakhala akukumana ndi kusinthasintha kwa maganizo, mavuto a kukumbukira ndi kusamalidwa, kusowa kugwirizana, kulankhula mosamveka, ndi ziwonetsero, koma zina zonse ndi zachilendo.Pambuyo pa masiku 11 amenewa, kugona kwake koyamba kunatenga maola 14 okha.Malinga ndi Dement, Gardner sanatenge zolimbikitsa panthawi imeneyi yakusagona tulo.Komabe, munthu wina anali pambali pake kuti amudzutse.Popanda kuthandizidwa ndi ena, muyenera kuyesetsa kudziletsa kuti musagone pambuyo pa maola 36, ​​ndipo pambuyo pa maola 48 mudzamva kuti simungathe kukana chilakolako chogona.

Komabe, musanagone, mwina mwagona kale pang'ono "magonedwe ang'onoang'ono": anthu omwe alibe tulo amagwa nthawi ndi nthawi - pamene simukumvetsera, mumagona. masekondi angapo Panthawi imeneyi nthawi zambiri mumatsegula maso anu.Kupewa kugona pang'ono, kodi Gardner atha kukhala nthawi yayitali bwanji?Palibe amene akudziwa vutoli, koma tikudziwa kuti kusowa tulo kumabweretsa imfa.Kukakamiza mbewa kukhala maso kwa milungu iwiri, zidzafa, zomwe ndi zazifupi kuposa nthawi yofunikira kuti afe ndi njala.

Palibe zolembedwa zosonyeza kuti munthu dala amakhala maso mpaka imfa, koma matenda obadwa nawo otchedwa fatal family insomnia amasonyeza kuti anthu amakhala ndi nthaŵi yokwanira yosagona.Matendawa anachititsa kuti odwalawo asagone, zomwe zinachititsa kuti amwalire mkati mwa miyezi itatu.

8. Kodi anthu wamba angapirire bwanji kuthamanga kwa mphamvu yokoka?

Pamene wodzigudubuza adumphira pansi, tidzapirira kuthamanga kwa mphamvu yokoka kwa 5g mu nthawi yochepa, ndiyeno tidzamva chizungulire ndi nseru.Mipandoyo iyenera kukonzedwa mwapadera kuti anthu asakomoke.Kukhoza kwathu kulimbana ndi kuthamanga kwa mphamvu yokoka sikudalira kokha pa kusintha ndi nthawi ya kuthamanga kapena kutsika, komanso kutsogolera thupi lathu.Timakhudzidwa kwambiri ndi mphamvu zakunja zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kumbali ya mapazi, chifukwa izi zimapangitsa kuti magazi aziyenda ku ubongo.Thupi likakhala loyima kwa masekondi 4 mpaka 5 m'malo a 5 mpaka 10g, nthawi zambiri zimayambitsa masomphenya a chubu ndiyeno kutaya chidziwitso.

Kuthamanga kwa mphamvu yokoka kwa ndege yomenyera nkhondo pamtunda woyima kumatha kufika 9g. Mphamvu ya woyendetsa ndegeyo ikatha kupirira chilengedwechi, imakhala yopindulitsa kwambiri pakulimbana ndi ndege.Oyendetsa ndege ena amavala “zovala zothamangitsira mphamvu yokoka” zomwe zingalepheretse magazi ochokera m’miyendo kuthamangira kumutu.Munthu amene ali ndi mphamvu yokoka kwambiri amatchedwa "monster g".Alec Stevenson, katswiri wa zamoyo pa Qinetiq, kampani ya chitetezo ku United Kingdom, anati: “Ena a ife titha kukhala maso m’malo a 6g.” Ena adzakomoka ali m’malo a 3g.

Oyendetsa ndege amatha kusintha luso lawo lachilengedwe kuti athe kupirira mphamvu yokoka pophunzitsa makina a centrifuge.Amaphunzira kulimbitsa miyendo ndi minofu ya m'mimba, kulimbikitsa kutuluka kwa magazi kupita kumtunda, ndi kuchepetsa kuthamanga kwa magazi pogwiritsa ntchito njira zapadera zopuma.Mphamvu yokoka yomwe anthu amatha kupirira ndi 31.25g, koma kuti akwaniritse cholingachi, dokotala wa NASA Flanagan Gray alowa mu thanki yapadera yamadzi yomwe imayika mphamvu pathupi lake ndikumuthandiza kupirira mathamangitsidwe akulu okoka.Mpainiya waku US Air Force a John Stapp ali ndi mbiri yokwera kwambiri mopingasa mphamvu yokoka.

9. Kodi anthu angakwere pamwamba bwanji?

Kusiyanasiyana kwa mtunda kumatha kukhala ndi zotsatira zachilendo pathupi la munthu.Nthawi zambiri, kuthamanga kwa mpweya mumlengalenga pamalo okwera kumachepa.Maselo aumunthu amafunikira mpweya kuti apulumuke.Pamalo okwera, hemoglobin, mapuloteni amagazi omwe amanyamula mpweya kuchokera m'mapapo kupita ku maselo, sangathe kunyamula mpweya wabwino, womwe umatsogolera ku hypoxia m'thupi la munthu.Ubongo umakhudzidwa kwambiri ndi kuchuluka kwa okosijeni.Izinso ndizomwe zimayambitsa mutu komanso chizungulire monga gawo loyamba la matenda okwera.Mike Glocott wa payunivesite ya Southampton ku United Kingdom ananena kuti ngati anthu akhala pamalo okwera kwambiri kuposa mamita 5000 kwa nthawi yaitali, angachititse kuti pakhale chiwopsezo chachikulu cha kuwonongeka kwa minofu, mapapu ndi ubongo. kubereka, chifukwa mtunda wautali umalepheretsa kubereka kwa amuna kwakanthawi.Glocott adaphunzira zotsatira za kusiyana kwa kutalika kwa physiology.

Ngati anthu akhala m’malo amenewa kwa nthawi yaitali, anthu ambiri adzatha kusintha.Chochitika chabwino ndichakuti mukakwera kwambiri, mumakhala ndi nthawi yayitali.Mukatumizidwa mwadzidzidzi ku Mount Everest (mamita 8848) musanazolowerane ndi malo atsopano, mutha kufa pasanathe mphindi ziwiri.Ndi anthu ochepa okha omwe adakwera phiri la Everest popanda oxygen supplementation. Mu 2, Bab Chiri Sherpa adakhala maola a 1999 m'malo a hypoxic a Mount Everest, akuphwanya mbiri yapadziko lonse.Glocott adanena kuti mwina Chiri Sherpa amabadwa ndi luso lotha kusintha malo okwera kwambiri.Kodi anthu angapulumuke bwanji?Mwina Everest yayandikira kale kutalika uku.Glocott adati mpaka pano munthu m’modzi yekha ndiye adakwera phiri la Everest popanda chipangizo cha oxygen m’nyengo yozizira, pamene mpweya wa mumlengalenga unatsika ndipo mpweya unali wochepa m’mlengalenga. "Ndikuganiza kuti malo okwera kwambiri omwe anthu angathe kupirira angakhale mamita 21."

10. Kodi anthu angathe kunyamula zolemera zotani?

世界硬举纪录由英国举重达人安迪·博尔顿创造。他将457.5公斤的重物从地面提到大腿部位。美国俄亥俄州扬斯敦州立大学体育教练丹·瓦瑟表示,像博尔顿这样的大力士力量可能是普通的人的5倍或者6倍,普通人将45公斤的重物举过头顶就已经很吃力了。过顶举重纪录为263.5公斤。

Kodi ndi kulemera kotani komwe munthu angakweze?Todd Schroeder wa pa yunivesite ya Southern California ku Los Angeles amakhulupirira kuti tatsala pang’ono kukwanitsa.Iye anati: “Kupendanso zolemba zakale zonyamula zitsulo zolemera, mudzapeza kuti ngakhale kuti ntchito yapitirizabe kuyenda bwino, yayamba kufika pamlingo wokhazikika. Onyamula zitsulo masiku ano, kuphatikizapo amene amamwa steroids, akuyandikira malire a thupi la munthu.

Kulemera komaliza komwe kungakwezedwe kumadalira minofu.M'mipikisano yolemetsa, zoyesayesa zambiri zolephera sizingawononge thupi, chifukwa wolemera amasankha kusiya chifukwa sangathe kupirira kulemera kofunikira.Koma ngati muyesa kukweza mwamphamvu, kulepherako nthawi zambiri kumabweretsa kung'ambika kwa ulusi wa minofu, nthawi zambiri ulusi pafupi ndi tendon.

Kutha kuwongolera bwino minofu kumapatsa ma weightlifters mwayi.Thupi laumunthu liri ndi njira yachilengedwe yolepheretsa yomwe imateteza thupi kuti lisawonongeke chifukwa cha kukweza kulemera kwakukulu.Ntchitoyi imatheka poyang'anira chiwerengero cha minofu ya minofu yomwe imakhudzidwa ndi kulemera.Olemera amaphunzitsidwa kuti adziwe kupondereza zizindikirozi, ndiyeno kuti akwaniritse mphamvu zambiri za minofu.Kuwonjezera pa kulamulira kumeneku, chinthu china chofunika kwambiri kuti apambane ndi maphunziro.N’zoona kuti majini nawonso amathandiza kwambiri.Vassar poyamba anali wonyamula zitsulo.Iye anati: “Anthu amene ali ndi miyendo yaifupi amakhala amphamvu kwambiri, ndipo ena amakhala ndi minyewa yambiri ya minofu kuposa ena.

11. Kodi thupi la munthu limatha kupirira ndi ma radiation ochuluka bwanji?

Mu September 1987, amuna aŵiri analoŵa m’chipatala chosiyidwa chachipatala ku Goiânia, Brazil, nachotsa kachidutswa kena kamene ankaganiza kuti n’kofunika kwambiri.Pasanathe tsiku limodzi, onsewo anayamba kusanza, kutsekula m’mimba ndi chizungulire.Sanadziwe n’komwe kuti chipangizo chotayidwachi chinali gwero lamphamvu la radiation lomwe limagwiritsidwa ntchito pochiza odwala khansa.

Gwero la radiation iyi limatha kutulutsa kuwala kwa buluu mumdima.Deval Ferreira, wogulitsa zinyalala, anachita nayo chidwi kwambiri ndipo pomalizira pake anaigula.Ferreira anayika mtsuko wa kapu iyi wokhala ndi zinthu za ufa m'chipinda chodyera ndipo adayitana abwenzi ndi abale kuti adzacheze.Iwo anapaka ufa pa matupi awo ndipo anasanduka anthu owala.Koma zomwe sanaganizepo n’zakuti ufa wamatsengawo unalidi mankhwala a radioactive cesium chloride.Patangotha ​​mwezi umodzi, mkazi wa Ferreira, mphwake wa zaka 6 ndi antchito ake awiri anamwalira ndi matenda oopsa a radiation.Pa ngoziyi, anthu 2 adayipitsidwa ndi zida zotulutsa ma radio.

Chigawo cha mlingo wa radiation ndi sievert, womwe umawerengedwa kutengera mtundu wa ma radiation ndi gawo la thupi lomwe limayatsidwa.Zotsatira zowerengera zikuwonetsa kuti onse omwe adamwalira adalandira ma radiation 4.5 mpaka 6 sievers m'masiku ochepa.Mlingo wathu wapachaka wa radiation kuchokera kumagwero achilengedwe monga radon ndi 2.4 millisieverts pafupifupi.Mwa kuyankhula kwina, 4.5 mpaka 6 sievert kale mlingo wochuluka.

Mlingo wa ma radiation ozungulira 2 sieverts ungayambitse kufa msanga, ndipo ma siever 6 amatha kufa.Mwamwayi, ngakhale adakumana ndi 7 sievert radiation, Ferreira adapulumuka. Mu 1994, adamwalira ndi matenda a chiwindi cha mowa.Palibe amene akudziwa motsimikiza chifukwa chake Ferreira adapulumuka ku radiation yayikulu chotere.Chifukwa chachikulu n’chakuti amathera nthaŵi yambiri ali ndi mkazi wake panja, zimene zimapatsa nthaŵi yoti maselo a m’thupi akonze zowonongeka zina.

12. Kodi anthu angathe kuugwira mpaka liti?

Anthu ambiri amavutika kupuma kwa mphindi yoposa imodzi.” Mosiyana ndi zimenezi, Mfalansa Stefan Mifusu ali ndi luso lapamwamba la kudziletsa. Pa June 2009, 6, Mi Fusu anachita bwino kwambiri.

Pampikisanowu, opikisanawo amaviika nkhope zawo m’dziwe la madzi oundana.Izi sikuti ziwalepheretse kuonera, koma kudzutsa mphamvu yachibadwa ya zinyama zoyamwitsa.Nkhope ikamizidwa m'madzi ozizira, mitsempha yakunja yamagazi imakhazikika ndipo magazi amayenda kuchokera kumalekezero kupita kumtima ndi ubongo.Mwanjira imeneyi, kugunda kwa mtima kumacheperachepera ndikuchepetsa mwayi wa kufalikira kwa okosijeni m'thupi lonse.Pambuyo pa maphunziro, kugunda kwa mtima kwa ambuye apnea akamizidwa m'madzi ozizira ndi theka la anthu osasambira.

Ndikofunikiranso kupuma movutikira musanatsutse mbiri ya nthawi ya apnea.Izi zili choncho chifukwa ubongo umayang'anira momwe mpweya wa carbon dioxide uli m'magazi ndipo umagwiritsira ntchito izi kuti mudziwe nthawi yoyenera kuyambitsa kupuma.Kupuma mwachangu komanso mozama kumatha kutulutsa mpweya woipa m'thupi, potero kumatalikitsa nthawi yopuma mpweya momwe mungathere musanafikire malire a thupi.Choncho, kukhala ndi mapapu akuluakulu ndi mwayi wachilengedwe.

Kodi anthu afika kumapeto kwa vuto la kugona?John Anderson, katswiri wa physiology pa yunivesite ya Lund ku Sweden, anapereka yankho loipa.Katswiri wina wa sayansi ya zamoyo amene wakhala akufufuza mmene anthu osambira amatha kupuma mpweya anati: “Wosambira m’madzi amayembekezeredwa kuti atalikitse nthawi yopuma mpweya mpaka pafupifupi mphindi 15 mbiri ya kupuma mpweya isanakhazikike.”

Koma m’kati mwa kupuma kwanthaŵi yaitali, angakumanenso ndi ngozi.Anderson anapeza kuti kupuma kupuma pamtunda wouma kungapangitse kuwonjezeka kwa 100% kwa mapuloteni a S37B m'magazi, omwe ndi chizindikiro cha kuwonongeka kwa ubongo wa hypoxic.Ananenanso kuti ngakhale kuwonjezeka kumeneku kumakhala kotsika kwambiri kuposa mlingo womwe umapezeka mu hypoxia, zowonongeka zomwe anthu omwe amatsutsa kupuma kupuma zikhoza kupitiriza kuwonjezeka pakapita nthawi.

Powombetsa mkota:Malire a anthu satha.Mutawerenga zomwe zili pamwambazi, mukudabwa ndipo mwapeza kuti anthu ndi amphamvu kwambiri ndipo adutsa zinthu zambiri.Mkonzi pamwambawa akudziwitsani za malire a thupi la munthu aliyense. Ngati mukufuna kudziwa zambiri, mutha kuziwona.

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