Moyo wathanzi Katundu wa Chaka Chatsopano amapulaka firiji, samalani kuti firiji ikhale phanga la mabakiteriya.

Kutha kwa chaka kukuyandikira.Banja lililonse likusunga chaka chatsopano.Kodi mumathana nazo bwanji chaka chikatha?N’zosatheka kuidya nthawi yomweyo, inde, anthu ambiri angaganize zoiika m’firiji.Ndiye kodi njira yanu yogwiritsira ntchito firiji ndiyolondola?Lero, mkonzi adzakudziwitsani kuti firiji imakhala phanga la mabakiteriya chifukwa cha kuyika kwa firiji m'chaka chatsopano.
1. Palibe kusindikiza kwakukulu
Kusindikiza kolakwika kumatha kuyambitsa zotupa

Kutha kwa chaka kukuyandikira.Banja lililonse likusunga chaka chatsopano.Kodi mumathana nazo bwanji chaka chikatha?N’zosatheka kuidya nthawi yomweyo, inde, anthu ambiri angaganize zoiika m’firiji.Ndiye kodi njira yanu yogwiritsira ntchito firiji ndiyolondola?Lero, mkonzi adzakudziwitsani kuti firiji imakhala phanga la mabakiteriya chifukwa cha kuyika kwa firiji m'chaka chatsopano.

1. Palibe kusindikiza kwakukulu

Kusindikiza kosayenera kungapangitse mpweya ndi chinyezi kulowa, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti chakudya chiwonongeke.

[Zoyenera kuchita] Mukamasunga chakudya, onetsetsani kuti mwalimbitsa chivundikirocho kapena kufinya mpweya muthumba lapulasitiki, ndiyeno mumange chisindikizocho.Ngati chophimba cha pulasitiki sichingathe kusindikiza pakamwa pa chidebecho, ndi bwino kumangiriza ndi mphira.moyo wathanziNjira yabwino.

2. Musasinthe zoyikapo zoyambirira

Zakudya zokulungidwa mu pulasitiki, monga nyama, masamba odulidwa ndi zipatso, zikuwoneka kuti zakulungidwa mwamphamvu, koma kwenikweni, pangakhale mpweya wotuluka umene uli wovuta kuuwona ndi maso.

[Zoyenera kuchita] Ngati mumagula chakudya chokulungidwa ndi pulasitiki ndipo osachidya kwakanthawi, muyenera kuchotsa choyikapo choyambirira ndikuchiyikanso ndi thumba lapulasitiki loyera kapena pulasitiki musanachiike m'firiji.

3. Chosungiracho ndi chachikulu kwambiri

Ngati chakudyacho chili chaching'ono ndipo chidebecho ndi chachikulu kwambiri, n'zosavuta kuumitsa pamwamba pa chakudya ndikufulumizitsa kuwonongeka kwake.

[Zoyenera kuchita] Chakudya ndi chidebe chosungira ziyenera kufanana momwe zingathere, ndipo kusiyana kwake kukhale kocheperako.

4. Sungani zidutswa zazikulu za chakudya popanda kusweka

Ngati zakudya zazikulu monga nkhumba, ng'ombe, nkhosa, ndi zina zotere sizikusungidwa padera, sizingadyedwe nthawi imodzi, ndipo kusungunuka mobwerezabwereza nthawi yotsatira kudzafulumizitsa kuwonongeka kwa chakudya.

[Zoyenera kuchita] Gawani magawo akulu a chakudya m'magawo angapo omwe amatha kudyedwa nthawi imodzi, ndikunyamula padera kuti asungidwe.

5. Osatengera kutentha kwa firiji→→→

Madigiri ochepa okwera mufiriji angayambitse zakudya zina kuwonongeka mwachangu.

[Zoyenera kuchita] Kutentha kwa chipinda cha firiji ndi chipinda chozizira kuyenera kutsika kuposa 4 ℃ ndi kuchotsera 18 ℃ motsatana.

6. Kubwezeretsanso mabokosi otengera pulasitiki

Anthu ambiri safuna kutaya mabokosi otengera pulasitiki ndi zotengera zina kuti azizigwiritsa ntchito mobwerezabwereza.Komabe, mabokosiwa sali olimba, ndipo akangowonongeka, chakudyacho chimawonongeka mofulumira, zomwe sizili bwino kwa thupi lathu.Zaumoyo.

[Zowongolera] Tayani bokosi lotengeramo likagwiritsidwa ntchito, ndipo gwiritsani ntchito chidebe chatsopano mukamanyamula chakudya kuonetsetsa kuti sichikuwonongeka.

7. Zakudya zachisawawa pakhomo la firiji

Kutentha kwa chitseko cha firiji nthawi zambiri kumakhala kokwera pang'ono kuposa kutentha kwa shelefu yamkati ya firiji, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti chakudya chiwonongeke mofulumira.

[Zowongolera] Zakudya zowonongeka monga mazira, mkaka ndi zakudya zophikidwa zatsopano ziyenera kuikidwa pashelufu kapena bokosi mkati mwa furiji.

8. Ikani chakudya chotentha kwambiri mufiriji

Chakudya sichikhoza kuikidwa m'firiji chikatentha kwambiri, mwinamwake chidzachititsa kuti firiji iwonongeke, ndipo idzatsogolera mosavuta kukula kwa mabakiteriya m'zakudya zozungulira chifukwa cha kuwonjezeka kwa kutentha.

[Zoyenera kuchita] Chakudya chofunda chimasiyidwa kuti chizizire chisanachiike m’firiji.Mutha kuwonjezera ma ice cubes mufiriji mabokosi akulu a chakudya chofunda, kapena kuwagawa m'magawo angapo ang'onoang'ono kuti musungidwe.

9. Zotsalira mufiriji sizinalembedwe

Zotsalazo zimaiwalika mosavuta zikaikidwa mufiriji, ndipo chakudya chamtundu umenewu chimakonda kuwonongeka ngakhale chitakhala mufiriji.

[Zowongolera] Zotsalira zikayikidwa mufiriji, ndi bwino kuyika chizindikiro ndikuwonetsa tsiku.Ikatha ntchito, itayeni nthawi yomweyo.

10. Kuweruza ngati watha ndi fungo→→→

Anthu ambiri sadziwa alumali moyo wa chakudya, ndi kuweruza ngati chakudya chawonongeka kokha ndi fungo.M’malo mwake, zakudya zosakometsedwa zingakhale zitawonongeka.Ngati chakudyacho chaipitsidwa ndi Listeria monocytogenes, mtundu, kukoma, ndi kukoma kwake sizingasinthe.

[Zowongolera] Samalani tsiku labwino kwambiri lotha ntchito pa phukusi.Ndi bwino kuweruza ngati chakudya chawonongeka chifukwa cha maonekedwe ndi maonekedwe ake.Ngati nyama yasanduka mtundu, yomata, kapena phukusi lafufuma, iyenera kutayidwa nthawi yomweyo.

Malangizo azaumoyo Momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito firiji moyenera

1. Ikani chakudya mufiriji mosamala

Shelefu ya chitseko cha firiji: Yoyenera kusunga chakudya chokhala ndi mphamvu zowononga antibacterial, monga pickles yotsegulidwa, kupanikizana, tahini, zakudya zowawasa ndi zokometsera, zambiri zomwe zingathe kusungidwa kwa miyezi iwiri.Popeza chitseko cha firiji nthawi zambiri chimatsegulidwa ndipo mpweya wofunda udzalowa, sikoyenera kusunga zakudya zowonongeka mosavuta, monga kutsegulidwa nyama yotentha, mkaka, ndi zina zotero.

Chipinda chapamwamba cha chipinda cha firiji: choyenera kusunga nyama yotentha, nyama yankhumba, yogurt ndi tchizi cholimba, ndi zina zotero.Nyama yosatsegulidwa iyenera kudyedwa pamaso pa alumali moyo.Ikatsegulidwa, nyama yotentha imatha kusungidwa kwa masiku atatu mpaka 3; nyama yankhumba ndi tchizi zolimba zimatha kusungidwa kwa milungu itatu.

Malo otsika a chipinda chozizira: akhoza kusunga chakudya chomwe chiyenera kutenthedwa mwamsanga, monga zotsalira, mazira owiritsa, nsomba, ndi zina zotero.Kuonjezera apo, masamba ndi zipatso zomwe zimakhala ndi chisanu zimasungidwa bwino pano.Mazira owiritsa akhoza kusungidwa kwa masiku 7: zotsalira zisapitirire masiku atatu, ndipo zotsalazo zisasiyidwe usiku wonse (masamba amasamba ayenera kudyedwa nthawi imodzi osasiyidwa). zabwino kutaya; Nsomba zatsopano zimatha kusungidwa mufiriji kwa tsiku limodzi, ndipo nsomba zophikidwa siziyenera kupitirira masiku 3-1.

2. Samalani kutentha koyenera kwa zakudya zosiyanasiyana

Zakudya zosiyanasiyana zimakhala ndi kutentha kwake koyenera kusungidwa. "Nyama, monga nkhumba ndi ng'ombe, ziyenera kusungidwa pa -18 ° C. Ngati firiji pa -2-5 ° C, nyama ikhoza kusungidwa kwa mlungu umodzi kwambiri; masamba obiriwira ayenera kusungidwa kutentha kochepa (osati kutsika kuposa kuposa) 0°C) Poteteza chilengedwe, kutentha koyenera kusungirako kabichi, udzu winawake, anyezi, kaloti, ndi zina zotero ndi pafupifupi 0°C.

Sikuti zakudya zonse ndizochepa monga momwe zingathere.Mwachitsanzo, kutentha koyenera kusunga mbatata kuyenera kukhala 2-4°C, nkhaka, biringanya, tomato, ndi zina zotere ziyenera kusungidwa pa 7-10°C, ndipo maungu asungidwe pamwamba. 10 ° C. Kutentha kwabwino kwa mbatata ndikoposa 15 ℃, nthochi ndi pafupifupi 13 ℃, malalanje ndi 4-5 ℃, maapulo ndi -1-4 ℃, mango ndi 10-13 ℃, ndi mapapaya. ndi 7 ℃, litchi ndi 7-10 ℃, choncho nthochi, mango, lychees, tomato, nkhaka, mkate, ndi zina zotere siziyenera kusungidwa mufiriji.

3. Kuchita ndi chakudya cha nyama

Pogula nsomba, nkhumba, ng'ombe ndi zakudya zina, ndi bwino kuchita mankhwala ofanana musanawaike mufiriji.Zakudya monga nsomba zatsopano ndi nyama zimapakidwa bwino m’matumba apulasitiki zisanasungidwe mufiriji.Kwa ndiwo zamasamba ndi zipatso, pukutani chinyezi kunja, ndikuziyika pansi pa firiji, ndikuzisunga pa kutentha pamwamba pa zero.

4, Kusunga chakudya sayenera kudzaza

Firiji sayenera kudzaza kwambiri posungira chakudya, ndi bwino kusiya mpata wina kuti mpweya wa m'firiji ukhale woyenda bwino, kuti muchepetse katundu wa unit.Kuphatikiza apo, kufinya chakudya chambiri pamodzi kumatha kudzetsa mabakiteriya ophatikizika pakati pa zakudya, zomwe zimadzetsa zovuta zosiyanasiyana komanso matenda osiyanasiyana m'thupi la munthu.

Powombetsa mkota:Malinga ndi nkhani ya mkonzi wa pamwambayi, ndikukhulupirira kuti aliyense ali ndi chidziwitso chokhudza firiji yodzaza chaka chatsopano komanso firiji imatha kukhala phanga la mabakiteriya. ndikusintha furiji yoyambirira yachipatala kukhala firiji.

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