Mafule aamuna ayenera kuyeretsedwa akamalowa m’nyumba yachifumu, pamene adindo aakazi ayenera kukhala “claustrophobic” polowa m’nyumba yachifumu.” Kodi “claustrophobic” nchiyani?

M’nthaŵi ya mibadwo yakale ya mafumu ku China, panali ntchito yapadera yotchedwa mdindo, yotchedwanso mdindo, imene inali mwamuna wodzipereka kutumikira gulu lolamulira.Adindo anawonekera ku Western Zhou Dynasty, ndipo mu Dynasty ya Kum'mawa kwa Han, ntchito ya adindo inapanga gulu lokhala ndi dongosolo lathunthu.Zolemba zovomerezeka za adindo ndi "Zhou Li" ndi "Buku la Nyimbo" mu Western Zhou Dynasty.Adindo ndi malo abwinobwino pachiyambi, iwo

M’nthaŵi ya mibadwo yakale ya mafumu ku China, panali ntchito yapadera yotchedwa mdindo, yotchedwanso mdindo, imene inali mwamuna wodzipereka kutumikira gulu lolamulira.

Adindo anawonekera ku Western Zhou Dynasty, ndipo mu Dynasty ya Kum'mawa kwa Han, ntchito ya adindo inapanga gulu lokhala ndi dongosolo lathunthu.

Zolemba zovomerezeka za adindo ndi "Zhou Li" ndi "Buku la Nyimbo" mu Western Zhou Dynasty.

Pachiyambi, adindo anali malo abwino, ndipo sanali adindo onse; mu Mzera wa Han Kum'maŵa, pofuna kuletsa adindo amene anayenda ndi kutumikira m’nyumba yachifumu kuti asaipitse nyumba yachifumu, onse ankagwiritsa ntchito adindo.

The Biography of Euuchs in Later Han Dynasty imalemba kuti:

"Adindo amagwiritsa ntchito adindo nthawi zonse, ndipo safunikira kuwakonza."

Tonse tikudziwa kuti mdindo wakaleyo anali munthu wonyozeka kwambiri, chifukwa cha chilema, sanalinso anthu wamba, ndipo kuthedwa kwa mfule kunali kwankhanza kwambiri.

Kale, atumiki a m’bwalo amene anachitiridwa chipongwe choterechi sanali adindo aamuna okha, komanso adindo aakazi.

Adindo aakazi amasiyana ndi antchito aku palace.Antchito onse a kunyumba yachifumu ndi a m’nyumba ya mfumu.Ngakhale nawonso amagwira ntchito yotumikira anthu,mwangozi amfumu amawaona kuti ali ndi mwai wokwezedwa.Antchito aakazi sali, iwowa ndi kukhala akuluakulu achikazi ku nyumba yachifumu.

Tsopano popeza ali ndi mphamvu zinazake m'manja mwake, mbuyeyo adzawateteza ndi kuwalepheretsa kukhala ndi mwayi wochepa wopikisana naye, choncho adzawapatsanso "chiyeretso" chapadera.

Kukhalapo kwa akuluakulu achikazi ndi mbiri yakale.Pali gawo lina lotchedwa "History of Women" mu "Zhou Li·tianguan", lomwe limalemba kuti:

"Mbiri ya akazi, oyang'anira ntchito zamwambo wa mfumukazi. Poyang'anira dongosolo lachiwiri la utsogoleri wamkati, kulamulira zochitika zamkati mwa mfumukazi mwa lamulo, motsutsana ndi nyumba yamkati, ndi buku la malamulo."

Zitha kuwoneka kuti akuluakulu aakazi ali pansi pa ulamuliro wa mfumukazi.

M’nyumba yachifumu ya Zhou munali olemba mbiri achikazi XNUMX. M’nthawi ya ulamuliro wa Han chiwerengero cha akuluakulu achikazi chinaposa XNUMX, kuphatikizapo mfumu yachifumu yachikazi, mkulu wa nyumba yachifumu, mbiri ya maphunziro ya nyumba yachifumu yapakati, ndi zina zotero;

Mu Ufumu wa Tang, munali “A Shangguan Six” monga Shanggong, Shangyi, Shangfu, Shangshi, Shangshi, Shangshi, Shanggong, komanso Siji, Dianji, ndi Zhangji.

Mu Ufumu wa Nyimbo, munali Si Gong Ling, Liu Shang Shu, Twenty-Four Division, Si Zheng, Tong Shi ndi ena otero.

Akuluakulu aakazi amathandiza mfumukaziyo poyendetsa nkhani za nyumba ya akazi, popeza imayenda m'nyumba ya akazi nthawi iliyonse, ntchito yake si mabwana aakazi okha, komanso mabwana aamuna.

Kuyeretsa thupi la Nv Shi kumatchedwa "claustrophobic" Monga adindo, ziwalo zonse zoberekera ziyenera kuthetsedwa.Chifukwa cha kusiyana kwa thupi la amuna ndi akazi, njira ya Nv Shi ya claustrophobic ndi yankhanza komanso yowopsya.

Chifukwa mkati mwa thupi, "ziwalo" izi ziyenera kuchotsedwa m'thupi ngati ziyenera kuthetsedwa, ndipo chiopsezo chimakhala chachikulu kwambiri.

Mwachibadwa anthu amavutika akakumana ndi zowawa zakuthupi, kotero pofuna kuteteza amayi kuti asamavutike ndi ndondomeko ya claustrophobic, poyamba amangiriridwa mwamphamvu pachoyikapo, kenaka anayamba kumenya mimba zawo ndi ndodo.

Anthu amakono onse amadziwa kuti mimba ya amayi sangathe kumenyedwa ndi mphamvu zakunja, zomwe zidzawononge chiberekero ndi mazira, kotero cholinga cha claustrophobia ndi kuwononga zinthu ziwirizi kudzera mu mphamvu zakunja.

Ndodoyo imamenya m’mimba mwa Nushi mosalekeza, ndipo chiberekero ndi thumba losunga mazira limagwa.” Zikatuluka, zimadulidwa ndi mpeni, kenako udzu ndi phulusa zimawazidwa kunja kuti kukhetse magazi, ndipo claustrophobia yatha.

Kale kunalibe mankhwala oletsa ululu, anali ndi supu ya hemp, mbale yaikulu yoti amwe kuti athetse ululu asanapite ku claustrophobia.

Komabe, mphamvu ya Ma Tang siili yofanana ndi ya mankhwala oletsa ululu wamakono, ndipo mlingo wa ululu ukhoza kuganiziridwa.Anthu ena anapirira ngakhale ululuwo, koma sanapulumuke imfa ya matenda.

Ngakhale kuti amayi omwe adapulumuka adatenga udindo m'nyumba yachifumu, kuwonongeka kowirikiza kawiri pathupi ndi maganizo kunawalepheretsa kukhala ndi moyo wabwino kwa moyo wawo wonse.

Chifukwa chilango cha claustrophobic cha Nüshi chinali chankhanza kwambiri, chinathetsedwa pambuyo pa Mzera wa Han, ndipo sichinakhalepo kwa nthawi yaitali, ndipo chinasinthidwa ndi mdzakazi wa kunyumba yachifumu.

Kuyambira chiyambi cha Mzera wa Han, antchito a m'nyumba yachifumu anasankhidwa ndi khoti la mfumu kuti asankhe bwino akazi ochokera m'mabanja abwino. Pa nyumba yachifumu, akazi onsewa anali oimira akazi ang'onoang'ono a mfumu yachifumu.

Olemba mbiri otchuka achikazi akale akuphatikizapo Ban Zhao wochokera ku Mzera wa Han, Lin Miaoyu wochokera ku Song Dynasty, ndi Xue Tao, wolemba sukulu wamkazi wochokera ku Tang Dynasty.

Chilango chamtundu woterechi chinatsutsana ndi chikhalidwe cha Confucian ndipo chinathetsedwa, koma mapeto a tsoka la adindo aakazi sanasinthe tsogolo la adindo aamuna.

Dongosolo lokhwimitsa maulamuliro a mzera wa mafumu linapangitsa anthu wamba kutaya ufulu wawo waumunthu ndi kuthedwa.” Monga atumiki ndi antchito, tsoka lawo lili m’manja mwa ena, ndipo miyoyo yawo ikhoza kukhala pachiswe nthaŵi iriyonse.

Miyoyo yawo ili ngati yofunikira, ndipo amaphedwa ndi ambuye awo mosavuta monga kutayira chigamba cha chovala chimene savala.” Mitemboyo imaponyedwa m’manda a anthu ambiri mwa kufuna kwawo, kapena phulusa lotenthedwa’lo limamwazidwa mwa kufuna kwake.

Tsoka la imfa popanda malo oikidwiratu likuchitidwa momveka bwino ndi anthu osaukawa.

Mmbuyo wapitawo:Kwerani sitima yoyenda, 1800 yuan kupita ku Russia
Pambuyo pake:Pizza ndi onunkhira kwambiri, amene anatulukira njira, palibe mtanda anagulung'undisa, ndi ofewa ndi silky.
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